Caleb North of Westmeath

Caleb North was from Westmeath, in the Irish midlands. The North family of Westmeath is supposed to be related to the distinguished English North family, which included the prime minister under King George III, various barons of Guilford, and other notables. The prevalence of the given name Roger in both lines and the similarity in the coat of arms may have led to the tradition of a relationship.1

Caleb is supposed to be the son of Roger, who was in turn the son of John.2 The story is that John North, called “the Cromwellian”, went to Ireland in 1650 with Cromwell and stayed there. Although there is no direct evidence to place him in the English family, he could have been an illegitimate son or a scion of a minor branch.3

John North was part of a group of Cromwell’s officers who got land in Westmeath. According to John McCormack: “In the division of the lands of the Irish chiefs forty nine Cromwellian officers got no land – they rebelled and some of them later got land in Fartullagh. One of them was Mr. John North… The Norths lived in Newcastle until around 1780. They were very industrious and with the help of money from the English branch of the family they developed their land and soon there were Norths in Tyrrellspass, Clonfad, Whitewell and Guilford… They had large families and soon they were  too numerous for the available land. Many of them emigrated to the United States in the 18th century.”4

McCormack added that the Barony of Fartullagh, Westmeath, was known as “Tyrrell’s country”, after the descendants of the Norman barons who owned it since 1173.5 The culmination of their power was in 1650, when they had five castles, at Newcastle, Kilbride, Gaybrook, Tyrrellspass and Castlelost. Because they were Irish chiefs who opposed Cromwell, all of these were seized by Cromwell after the war. All were destroyed except Tyrrellspass, which may have been spared because one of the Tyrrells supported Cromwell. Some of the North family lived at Kilbride Castle, probably in a house there, since the castle was in ruins.6 These places form a cluster, about ten miles across, centered on Kilbride. Tyrrellspass is south of it, as is Castlelost. Gaybrook is north.7 The civil parish was Newcastle. The barony (a larger subdivision) was Fartullagh. Trim, further northeast, where Roger North’s will was proved in 1701, was the former county town of Meath, later supplanted by Navan.

Little is known about John North except that he lived in Kilbride about 1660 and had two sons, Roger and John.8 The sons both married about 1680, but there are no surviving church records for them. Most of the family were Protestants, and many Church of Ireland records were lost in the 1922 fire in the Public Records Office in Dublin.

John’s son Roger “of Newcastle, West Meath”, married and had six known children. His will was proved in 1701 at Trim.9

Children of Roger and an unknown wife:10

Joseph, m. Mary Emor in 1705, will probated Aug 1729, children: Roger, Richard, Philip, Susanna, Emor, Joseph, Sarah, Mary, William, Michael, John, Anne.

Caleb of Newcastle, m. ?Jane, went to Pennsylvania, children: Roger, Caleb, Joshua, Ann, Catherine, Elizabeth, Sarah, Joseph. All of the children were born in Ireland, between 1704 and 1721.11

Elizabeth, immigrated to Maine, married there, Francis Cooper, died 1740.

Roger of Kilbride Castle12, died 1766, m. 1704 Mary Wade, children: William, Joseph13

Susanna, m. 28 Nov 1733 William Smith of County Wicklow

Mary North, ?died before 1748, m.  ab. 1710 Caleb Emerson. He died 1748 in Philadelphia.14 Children: Elizabeth, Joshua, Ann. Elizabeth and Ann went to Pennsylvania, while Joshua stayed in Ireland.15

Some of this generation are named in a three-lives lease in 1726.16 This was a lease from Joseph and Mary North of Newcastle, Westmeath, to Roger North of Dublin, gentleman, for land in Newcastle, for the lives of Richard, Mary, and Caleb North. Since Joseph’s father Roger supposedly died in 1701, this could not have been him. It was most likely Joseph’s son Roger. Richard was Roger’s brother. Mary and Caleb were his aunt and uncle.17 It is interesting that Joseph and Roger are both described as gentlemen in the lease, and that Roger was living in the city of Dublin. In 1736 his marriage settlement from his father-in-law described Roger as of Newcastle.18

Caleb North was born about 1678. He is said to have married Jane Eckersley, supposedly the daughter of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, but this is almost certainly a fraud. It was based on a genealogy by Harriet Bainbridge who made fraudulent claims for her American clients, sometimes involving faked noble ancestry.19 The tree that Bainbridge drew for her client James North of Augusta, Maine, seems to be accurate in the main, but suspect in this detail. The story passed down in the Pennsylvania North family is that Caleb eloped with his wife, making a runaway marriage.20 The Bomford site suggested that she may have been Jane Berkeley. John Berkeley was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for two years starting in 1670, but there is no sign of a daughter Jane in his known children.21 It is possible that Bainbridge simply invented the relationship.

In 1730 Caleb and Jane (if that was her name) moved to Pennsylvania with their children. The story was passed down that Caleb’s son Roger had been educated for the ministry but instead proposed to go to Pennsylvania. His father replied, “If you are determined upon that, Roger, we will all go.”22 A receipt for their passage, for 38 guineas, was saved in the family. It was dated May 1, 1729, from Cork, Ireland.23

They bought 69 acres from the Penn family at Gilbert Manor, Montgomery County, and settled there.24 The tax list of Philadephia County for 1734 shows the 69 acres in Providence (part of Gilbert Manor) as owned by Roger North. Perhaps Caleb died soon after their arrival. He apparently did not leave a will.

Children of Caleb and Jane: (all born in Ireland)

Roger, b. 1704, d. 1785, m. 1732 Ann Rambo, daughter of Peter and Magdalin. They lived in Providence Township, where Roger was a miller and tanner. Children: Sophie, Samuel, Sarah, Elizabeth, John, Joshua, William, Roger, Nancy, George, Caleb, Thomas, Hannah. The story is that eight of the sons served in the Revolution. Ann died in 1798.25

Caleb, did not marry.26

Joshua, m. Susanna Empson in 1754 at Old Swedes Church, Philadelphia.27

Ann, m. — Jansen

Catherine, m. 1731 James Snowden (b. 1711) at First Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, had at least seven children.28

Elizabeth, m. 1749 George Plymm at Christ Church, Philadelphia. A George Plim died in 1773 leaving a wife Elizabeth and son George.29

Sarah, no further record

Joseph, b. 1721, d. 1810, m. Lydia Price; lived in Philadelphia, a tanner.

  1. Some of the Irish North family who came to America used a similar coat of arms to the English branch. This is not so much evidence for a connection as it is evidence for a belief in the connection.
  2. “The Coffeys of Newcaster”, excerpt from a history of Tyrrellspass by Bishop John McCormack, d. 1996,  reproduced on the Bomford website at Peter Bomford, who died in early 2017, died extensive work on the Irish Bomford family, which included a connection to the North family. He studied deeds, Burke on landed gentry, extracts of wills, ordnance survey maps, and more. His work, continued and extended by other researchers, is online at
  3. John Dudley North 3rd Lord Kirtling had a son John who immigrated to Connecticut around 1640. (Ancestry trees). So there is a precedent for an immigrant son in the English family.
  4. McCormack. He wrote about the Coffeys, who ended up living in one of the North homesteads, at Newcastle.
  5. A barony in Ireland was a subdivision of a county, larger than a parish. The barony of Fartullagh contained eight civil parishes and part of two others. (Wikipedia)
  6. The reference to Kilbride Castle is on the Bomford site, page on the Irish North Family, in a comment on Roger of Kilbride Castle, son of Roger (d. 1701). The younger Roger was the brother of Caleb North, the immigrant.
  7. Kilbride should not be confused with another Kilbride in County Meath.
  8. Bomford web site. John’s son John, brother of Roger, married in 1679 a woman named Mary or Hannah Watson, and had children Elias, John, William, and possibly Edward. This branch of the family did not stay in the Newcastle area.
  9. Bomford site, Coffeys of Newcastle, Bainbridge tree (reproduced on the Bomford site).
  10. From the Bomford site. Note that this generation scattered.
  11. Dexter North, Caleb North Genealogy, 1930.
  12. A note on the Bomford page for “The Norths of Ireland” pointed out that the Kilbride Castle was probably in ruins by then, and was meant as a defensive structure rather than a manor. Perhaps they lived at Kilbride House, which the locals may have called Kilbride Castle.
  13. William’s family is extensively followed on the Bomford site.
  14. His will, in Philadelphia County Will Books J.43, did not name his wife, implying that she died before him.
  15. Bomford site on “The Norths of Ireland”.
  16. Three-lives leases were granted not for a fixed term, but until the death of all three people named as livers. They generally lasted over fifty years, and were favorable to the renters, since the rent did not increase during the term. (Catherine A. Wilson, New Lease on Life: Landlords,Tenants, and Immigrants in Ireland and Canada, 1994)
  17. From the Bomford site: 1726 50 54 32031 in the Registry of Deeds, dated 7 & 8 June 1726, a lease and release between Joseph and Mary North of Newcastle Gent. to Roger North of the city of Dublin Gent. For £102 Joseph granted to Roger lands in Newcastle to have and to hold during the lies of Richard North son of the said Joseph North, Mary North and Caleb North, son and daughter of Roger North senr.
  18. Bomford site, “The Norths of Ireland”.
  19. Dexter North. Since Harriet DeSalis’ information was discredited, there is no reason to believe that Jane’s last name was Eckersly. Harriet Bainbridge DeSalis was exposed in 1880 when a client became suspicious of the supposed royal ancestry she had found for his Whitney family; he hired a genealogist who confronted her with her forged documents and made her promise not to take any more commissions from American clients. (TAG, 1994, vol. 69, pp. 9-14) Her tree for the North family, made in 1870, was published in a book by James North, History of Augusta (Maine). It can be found on the extensive website of the Bomford family, in chapter 16.4.6, under North Family Tree.
  20. Dexter North.
  21. Wikipedia entry for John Berkeley.
  22. Dexter North, pp. 7-9.
  23. Millard Stipes, Genealogy of the … Keyes, North and Cruzen Families, 1914. In 1817 the receipt was owned by Joshua North of Tompkins County, New York.
  24. Dexter North, p. 7. Another branch of the family settled in Augusta, Maine. (John North of Framington, Conn.)
  25. Dexter North.
  26. Stipes.
  27. Stipes said he died unmarried.
  28. Query to TAG, 1900, vol. 1, p. 145.
  29. Philadelphia County Wills, P.451.

Hans Peter and Barbara Umstead

Hans Peter Umstead, the emigrant, was born about 1650, probably in Kriegsheim, in the Rheinland.1 He was the son of Nicholas Umstat, who lived in Kreigsheim. The father Nicholas was born about 1625. His name was on a register of inhabitants of Kriegsheim in 1661, with no religion listed. The same list included Peter Schuhmacher, Görg Schuhmacher, Gilles Cassel, and Arnold Schuhmacher, all described as Menists (Mennonites).2 Kriegsheim is a small town near Monsheim and Worms, about four miles west of the Rhine.3

A Bible was given to Nicholas in 1652 by his brother-in-law Matthias Wasselet or Wohlvelet, probably from Hohen-Sülzen, a small town near Kriegsheim.4 The exact relationship of Nicholas to Matthias is not known. There are hand-written notations in the Bible, some written by Nicholas and some by his son Hans Peter who inherited it after Nicholas’ death.

One notation said (in translation): “December 16, 1680, the comet star with a long tail was seen the first time.” This was the Great Comet of 1680, bright enough to be visible in the daytime and one of the brightest of the seventeenth century.5 Another said, “In the year 1658 the cold was so great that even the Rhine was frozen up. On the 31st of January so great a snow fell that it continued four days.”6

Other notations gave information about the family. “October 4, 1682, about 4 o’clock in the morning, our father Nicholas Umstat died.” He was about 57 years old. This was clearly written by Hans Peter. Unfortunately Nicholas did not record the births of his children in the Bible. Nicholas probably had another son, Johannes Nicolaus, born about 1647 to 1648. He was confirmed in the Monsheim Lutheran church on June 7, 1663 at age 15.7 Also Hans Peter did not record the death of his mother in the Bible, suggesting that she had died before he inherited it. Her name is unknown.

Hans Peter married a woman named Barbara around 1670. Her last name is not known. They had three known children, born between about 1670 to 1675. The religious affiliation of Nicholas and Hans Peter is unclear; they are “conspicuous by their absence” in the list of Mennonites of Kriegsheim.8 Although it has been suggested that Hans Peter became a Quaker, he does not appear in early Quaker records. Chris Hueneke speculated that “Han’s Peter’s wife Barbara was either a Quaker or a Mennonite and it is because of her religion that they left Kriegsheim.”9 A Mennonite historian assumes that Hans Peter Umstat was a Mennonite, along with the Van Bebbers, Peter Schumacher, Gerhard Hendricks, and others.10

Herr Schmal, a local official, wrote to his superiors about the Mennonites and Quakers; three of his letters have been preserved.11

The first one was sent in July 1684.

There are in Griesheim five households of Quakers who, not just in this town, as is well known, give much aggravation, but also cause much unrest and bother … not to mention that they now and then have given out some little tracts, printed in Holland and England, introducing their sect, and have also tried to teach their poison to others …

… they respect no authority, and throughout (your) gracious reign, have been unwilling to pay any protection money, or to pay tithes to the high-domed cathedral in Worms or to recognize the town pastors’ authority …

… it is difficult to get them to pay the Turkish War tax and they refuse to stand duty as night watchmen as do others in the community, and above all this, when [the authorities] confiscate some livestock or wine or fruit for back taxes or other unavoidable reasons, and sell them, they are not afraid to say that the goods were stolen from them or to accuse those who buy them of buying stolen property …

… then, here in this town, these goods are desirable and can’t [otherwise or normally] be bought with money …

… but these people, who own the most and the best, might better have listened to higher instructions, … that it might have been cheaper to instruct these people to be subject, like other faithful [citizens], or else to sell their belongings and leave the country.12

The next month Schmal wrote again, complaining that they refuse “to pay the assessment, the Turkish war tax, the protection money, the large and small tithes, or the church and school tax…They are a type of people who irritate many, and who respect and serve no one but themselves; therefore, for these reasons and many more, it is wished that they would trade their belongings to other people, those things being desirable in this town, and which can not be purchased with money, (and) that they would follow our desire and leave the area.”13

In another letter, in November 1684, Schmal listed some of the peculiarities of the sect: they were not willing to swear an oath or bear arms; they did not baptise children as infants; and they choose one of themselves to act as “Reminder” and remind the others to do good deeds. He admitted that their faith is similar to his, and that their catechism was based on the Heidelberg Catechism.

In the summer of 1685 Hans Peter and Barbara sought to immigrate to Pennsylvania. Along with Gerhard Hendricks and Peter Schumacher, Hans Peter submitted a request for passports.14

“We the undersigned, with this make it known to the office at Hochheim, under which jurisdiction we reside, as far as it can be allowed by the Amtsschaffner, and is not hindered by God, (our desire) to transport ourselves, along with our households, to Holland, and therefore it is our request of the official, that he grant us an attestation, that we might pass through customs unhindered; then, with a farewell from our neighbors and acquaintances, we would gladly leave. We also earnestly hope that we have good standing with them and them with us, that no one therefore would have any grievances, and we hope that this might be granted to us.” Kriegsheim 8 May 1685

They made their arrangements and probably sold their houses, but heard nothing, since they submitted a similar request in June. They probably received permission eventually, since it would have been difficult to travel without passports for the many border and customs checkpoints along the Rhine. In August they travelled down the Rhine to Rotterdam, where they met with Dirck Sipman to buy land.15 Dirck Sipman was a merchant of Krefeld who bought 5000 acres in 1682, subject to settling families on it. He sold land to Hendricks, Umstat and Schumacher, giving each one an identical deed for 200 acres and a lot in Germantown, to be laid out by Herman Isacks op den Graeff. They would make payment of two Rix dollars to Sipman as ground rent. The condition was they were to settle on the land with their families. He paid for their passage and they left with the “first good wind” for Pennsylvania.16 The next leg of the trip would take them to London, where they sailed on the Francis and Dorothy under the command of Richard Bridgeman.17 They arrived in Pennsylvania in October.

Hans Peter and Barbara sailed with their children John, Anna Margaretta and Eve.18 They settled in Germantown, where they would spend the rest of their lives. Hans Peter worked as a farmer and possibly as a wagon maker.19

In 1691 Hans Peter was naturalized in 1691. (His son Johannes was too young.) In 1692 Hans Peter bought more land in Germantown from Abraham op den Graeff and others.20 The same year he signed the petition against the tax bill, along with many Germantown residents.21 In second month 1692, when Henry Frey married Anna Catherine Levering,  many Germantown residents attended, including Hans Peter and Johannes Umstat. They signed the witness list, Johannes by mark. Hans Peter was evidently successful, as he paid one of the highest taxes in 1693 in Germantown.22 In 1694 Hans Peter transferred 25 acres of his Germantown land to Johannes. If Johannes was actually born in 1673, then this would be his coming-of-age portion.

In 1695 Hans Peter was fined, along with Peter Cleaver, for failing to appear as fence viewers. Johannes refused to serve the following year, claiming that he did not know the fences in his Quarter.23 Mennonites often refused to serve as fence viewers, feeling that it could lead to conflicts with their neighbors.

In 1696 Hans Peter made an entry in his Bible. “February 10, 1696, my daughter Anna Margaretta died.” The absence of a marriage record suggests that she died unmarried, at about 20 to 24 years of age. About 1697 Johannes married a woman named Mary. Once again the absence of a marriage record strongly suggests that they were Mennonite.

In 1699 Eve married Hendrick Pannebecker. An emigrant from the Rhineland, he had arrived in Germantown in September 1698. He was probably Reformed, not Mennonite, and since he and Eve would have most of their children baptized in Reformed Churches, it is clear that she followed his faith. They lived in Germantown at first, then moved up to Bebber’s Township, where Hendrick was a landowner, farmer, and surveyor.

Johannes, son of Hans Peter, married a woman named Mary. They were living in Germantown in 1701 when he served on a coroner’s jury. The verdict of the jury, in 4th month 1701, was that the “cart and lime killed the man, the wheel wounded him and it killed him”.24 In 1704 he was on another jury. Abraham op den Graeff sued David Sherkes for slander after Sherkes said that no honest man would be in Abraham’s company. The jury found for Sherkes.25 By 1708 Johannes was in Bebber Township, further north in Philadelphia County, along with his brother-in-law Hendrick Pannebecker.26 Pennypacker suggested that Hendrick and  Johannes Umstat had a prior understanding with Matthias Van Bebber to settle on his land. It was fertile and well-watered, but far from Philadelphia.27

In 1702 Hans Peter made a final record in his Bible, “August 12, 1702, my wife Barbara died.”28 It is not known when Hans Peter died. In October 1710 he signed a deed conveying 50 acres in Germantown to George Adam Hogermood.29 Perhaps he went to live with one of his children after that.

Children of Hans and Barbara:

Anna Margaretta, b. ab. 1672, d. 1696, m. (?) Gerhard Rettinghaus. This marriage is widely cited, but there is no primary evidence for it. Anna Margaretta’s death in 1696 is noted in the Bible of her father Hans Peter, but he did not give a marriage record for her.30 Gerhard Rettinghaus was widowed about 1696, but the name of his wife is not known.

Johannes, b. about 1673, d. 1747, m. Mary, lived in Germantown, then in Bebber’s Township. It is often claimed that his wife was Mary Pannebaker, sister of Heinrich, but there is no primary evidence for this.31 One researcher suggested that Mary might be the daughter of Herman Bon, an early settler of Germantown, whose lot was close to the Umstead’s.32 They lived in Germantown at first, sold land there in 1704, then moved to Skippack. Johannes died in late 1747, leaving no will. On January 5, 1747/8 Mary renounced her right to administer.  Later that year Mary and the other heirs conveyed land to Henry Umstead, one of the heirs.33 Children: John, Peter, Henry, Jacob, Herman.

Eve, b. 1674, d. 1764, m. Heinrich Pannebecker, the 1698 emigrant. They lived in Germantown, then moved to Bebber’s Township on the Skippack around 1702. Heinrich became the largest landowner there and worked as surveyor. Children: Martha, Catherine, Oliffe, Peter, John, Barbara, Jacob, Henry.

  1. Three families emigrated from Kriegsheim in 1685. Gerhard Hendricks, Hans Peter Umstadt, and Peter Schumacher. Ten generations later a descendant of Hans Peter, through the Pannebaker line, married a descendant of Peter Schumacher, through the Tysons. These were my parents. If Hans Peter and Peter were related, as seems possible, then my parents were related, three hundred years ago in a Mennonite community in a small German town.
  2. Umstat website of Chris Hueneke, at, many pages with much documentation and discussion. A very thorough treatment of the family.
  3. Samuel Pennypacker (in his Settlement of Germantown) believed that the Umstats came from Krefeld, about 220 miles northwest of Kriegsheim on the Rhine. There is no evidence for this, and much evidence to the contrary. Hans Peter, the immigrant, may have passed through Krefeld on his route to Pennsylvania, but he was living in Kriegsheim before he immigrated.
  4. Umstat website.
  5. Wikipedia.
  6. Translations from the Umstat website.
  7. LDS microfilm, citied on the Umstat website, on the page for Nicholas. Apparently there are no birth or baptism records for the Umstats.
  8. Umstat website.
  9. Umstat website, page on 1664 census.
  10. C. Henry Smith, The Mennonites of America, 1909, quoted on the Original-13 mailing list on Feb. 28, 2008.
  11. Umstat website, page on Schmaldocs.
  12. Umstat website, page on Schmaldocs.
  13. Translated by Lou Hueneke, on the Umstead website.
  14. Umstead website.
  15. Umstead website.
  16. Umstat website, page on Rotterdam. The deeds for Hendricks and Schumacher were recorded in Philadelphia County Deed Book E4, vol. 7, p. 180.
  17. Walter Shepard, Passengers and Ships prior to 1684, p. 166. Other passengers included Henry “Pookeholes” (Bucholtz) and his family, Aaron Wonderly, and John Saxby and his family. Hull, William Penn and the Dutch Quaker Migration to PA. Also in “Families who arrived at Philadelphia 1682-1687”, PMHB, 1884, vol. 8, taken from lists of registered arrivals.
  18. Pennypacker, p. 23.
  19. Wilhelm Niepoth’s notes, cited on the Umstead website. Niepoth does not cite any evidence for Hans as a wagon maker.
  20. James Duffin, Acta Germanopolis, 2008.
  21. Hull.
  22. 1693 Philadelphia County tax list.
  23. Acta Germanopolis.
  24. Acta Germanopolis. It was a coroner’s jury. We do not learn the name of the unfortunate man.
  25. Acta Germanopolis.
  26. Philadelphia County Deeds E4, vol. 7, p. 133. Matthias Van Bebber was transferring land to Umstat.
  27. Samuel W. Pennypacker, “Bebber’s Township and the Dutch Patroons”, PMHB, vol. 31.
  28. Samuel Pennypacker, Hendrick Pannebecker, 1894, BCHS. The Bible is now at Pennypacker Mill in Schwenksville.
  29. Philadelphia County Deeds, H17, p. 173, a few pages after a deed from Ban Bebber to Umstett. (Roll 28, Image 214)
  30. Umstead website, page on Rittenhouse. Chris Hueneke does not believe in the Rittenhouse marriage.
  31. Umstead website, page on Johannes.
  32. Umstead website, page on Johannes.
  33. Umstead website, page on Johannes. Note that the original estate papers have disappeared from Johannes’ folder in Philadelphia City Hall (as of 1990), but were quoted by earlier researchers.

Andreas and Anneke Souplis

Andreas Souplis is a bit of a mystery. It is often repeated that he was born in 1634, a native of Alsace, a Huguenot and an officer in the French army, that he left France in 1682 for Germany and married a German woman named Gertrude Stressinger.1 Unfortunately it appears that most, if not all, of this is false. Andreas was probably born at least twenty years after 1634, was almost certainly not an army officer, and was probably not even a Huguenot. The fact that his name is often written as Supplee is probably what suggested the French ancestry, but there is some evidence that he was Dutch.

The earliest known records for Andreas are from New York. In September 1685 he was admitted as a burger and citizen of New York, with freedom to buy land and to trade.2 An ambiguous record in New York at the same time suggests that he was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church there, if in fact it refers to him. A record in the membership list for December 1684 said, “Andries Souplÿ, j.m. met attestatie van Amsterd” (young man with a certificate from Amsterdam). In the margin was added, “afgevallen en Quaeckers geworden daar na gestorven.” A footnote gave the translation, “Fell off from the faith and became a Quaker, and afterwards died.”3 This very interesting record gives several pieces of information: that this Andries Souply arrived from Amsterdam, that he came with a certificate from a Reformed church there, that he became a Quaker, and “afterwards died”. If this is the Andres Souplis who appeared soon after in Germantown, we have to assume that the recorder of the Dutch church could not tell the difference between a Quaker and a member of another sect such as a Mennonite, and that Souplis did not actually die but simply left the colony of New York.4 The designation of Souply as a “j.m.” (young man) is problematic, since this would usually refer to an unmarried man and by December 1684 Andreas was married.5

On Sept 20, 1684, a baptism record at the Dutch church of New York shows a baptism of a son Bartholomew to parents Annetie Bartholomeus and Andries. Andries’ last name was not given. The sponsors were Marten Clock and his wife Lysbeth Abrahams.6 This is interesting for three reasons: the timing is right for Andreas Souplis’ known children; his wife’s name was known to be Anneke (a variant of Annetje); Andreas and Anneke named their first son Bartholomew. Marten and Lysbeth are not known to be related. It certainly falls within the time when Andreas is believed to be in New York.

Some time before 1682 Andreas married Anneke. Her last name is unknown. They could have married in Holland or in New York. In 1686 they bought 50 acres in Germantown from William and Maricke Streepers. Andries was naturalized there in 1691 and acted as sheriff of Germantown.7 His service as sheriff in Germantown does not imply, as some have suggested, that he was “held in high esteem” by William Penn. At the time Germantown was a self-governing borough and many of the adult men served as one of the many officers, such as burgess, sheriff, road viewer, or fence overseer. In 1693 Andreas was taxed in Germantown for his 50-acre holding.8  He worked as a weaver, like many early Germantown residents.9 In 1692 Garrett Hendricks apprenticed his son Lambert to Andrew, presumably to learn the weaver’s trade.10 The same year Andrew and “Anneckie” Supplee were witnesses at the marriage of Henry Fry and Anna Levering in Germantown. She signed by mark.11  Also in 1692 Andreas signed a petition (as Andrew Seeply) against a tax bill, along with many of his Germantown neighbors.12

Anneke died between 1692 and 1697. After Anneke’s death Andreas sold the Germantown land with its “three story stone messuage” and moved, with his unmarried children, to Kingsessing, Philadelphia County.13 He bought land there from Peter Petersson Yocum.14 By 1697 he was married to Gertrude Enochson. She was probably the daughter of Hans Månsson , who deeded land around 1673 to Garret Enochson, her first husband, with whom she had two children. After Garret’s death she married his brother Harman. He died about 1702 and she married Lasse Bartleson (also known as Lasse Parker), a Finn.15 After his death she married Andreas Souplis, as her fourth husband.16

Andreas died in March 1727 in “Kingsess”, leaving his wife Gertra and five children. In his will he named them all, along with two of his sons-in-law. He signed the will as “Andris Souplis”, in a clear hand. His “well beloved wife Gertra” was to have a third of his goods, along with the house and land for her lifetime. After her death it was to be sold and the proceeds divided among his children, along with the other two-thirds of the personal estate.17 The inventory of his estate was taken on the first day of March 1726/27. It included the usual household goods and farm implements, plus 22 sheep, which must have provided the wool for his weaving.18

Gertrude was assessed in 1734 for forty acres in Kingsessing. She died there in 1738. In her will she asked to be buried at Wiccoco Church (the Swedish church) with her late husband, presumably Andreas. She named several of her own children (David, Henry and Catherine) and several grandchildren.19 Her inventory was taken on December 14, 1738 by Nathan Gibson and her neighbor John Bartram. It included the usual furniture, household and farm implements, plus a weaving loom with gears and thirty sheep.20

The land that Andreas and Gertra owned in Kingsessing had a later history of its own. After Gertra died, her stepson Andrew sold the tract to the botanist John Bartram.21 It became part of his holdings on the Schuylkill, and is preserved as the “south meadow” there, part of the oldest botanical garden in the country.22

Children of Andries and Anneke:23

Margaret, b. ab. 1682, died after February 1744 in Germantown24, m. 1) in 1700 Peter Keyser, 2) Michael Eccard of Germantown. She first married Peter Keyser, who had emigrated with his father from Amsterdam. They lived in Germantown and had ten children: Dirck, Andries, Peter Dirck, Jacob, Abraham, Elizabeth, Anneke, Catelyntje, Johannes, Margaret. Peter died in 1724, leaving most of the children under age, and Margaret married Michael Eccard, who owned a small farm in the “back part” of Germantown. Eccard was a generous man, in his will of 1763 leaving £50 to the Lutheran Church in Germantown, and £20 for a hospital for the poor.25

Bartholomew, alive in 1724, possibly died about 1744, lived in Blockley Township26. There is no evidence that he married or left children.

Andrew, b. 1688, d. 1747, lived in Upper Merion, a maltster and merchant, m. Deborah Thomas.27 Buried at Norris City Cemetery, Norristown.28 His will, written and proved in 1747, named his wife Deborah, and his children Hance, Jonas, Andrew, John, Catherine, Sarah, Susannah.29

Ann, died in 1755, m. before 1724 Claes (Charles) Yocum.

Jacob, m. Elizabeth Enoch in 1720 at First Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia.30 Born Elizabeth Vansant, she was the widow of John Enoch, Gertrude Enoch’s grandson. Jacob was named in Gertrude’s will as Jacob Supplee.31 They lived in Upper Merion.

  1. This story seems to have started with Ellwood Roberts in his 1904 Biographical Annals of Montgomery County and it was repeated by Ralph Johnson in his Genealogy of early Providence Township Families. Some web posts claim that Andreas is related to the noble French family of Saint Souplis, but there is no evidence for this.
  2. Samuel Pennypacker, Settlement of Germantown. The full text was in the PA Genealogical Magazine, 1950, vol. 18(2), p. 78, citing a mss at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  3. New York Genealogical & Biographical Record, vol. 59(1), page 70. Note that the online membership list published on the Olive Tree site is missing a few lines. The comparison with the list as published in the Record shows that the record refers to Andreas Souply, not Johannes Schenk. There is no record of Souplis in the Quaker deaths in New York, published in the NYG&B Record, vol. 7(1).
  4. There are no records of Souplis as a Quaker, and a distinct possiblity that he was a Mennonite. His daughter Margaret married into a strongly Mennonite family.
  5. It seems too much to ask for two men named Andreas Souplis arriving in New York at about the same time and leaving New York at about the same time.
  6. NYG&B Record, 1879, vol. 10(2), p. 80.
  7. He was naturalized again in 1709, along with his son Bartholomew and many others, in a bill to reaffirm the status of Germantown residents. (James Duffin, Acta Germanopolis, 2008).
  8. William Hull, William Penn and the Dutch Quaker Migration.
  9. He described himself as a weaver in his will.
  10. James Duffin, Acta Germanopolis, 2008.
  11. PA Gen Mag, vol. 7(3), pp. 282-3, cited on numerous web pages.
  12. Hull.
  13. James Duffin, Germantown Landowners 1683-1714, part II, Germantown Crier, Vol. 39(3), Summer 1987, pp. 62-67. The deed is in Philadelphia deed book E5 v7, p. 50. Souplis sold it to Christian Warner, who already owned the lot just behind it. 
  14. Peter S. Craig, “The Enochson Brothers and their Swedish Descendents”, Swedish Colonial News, Fall 2005, online. He later bought another 100 acres from Charles Yocum.
  15. Craig, 2005.
  16. Peter S. Craig, 1693 Census of Swedes on the Delaware, 1993, pp. 56-57. Craig gave the date of the marriage as about 1709. Most of the children of both Andreas and Gertra were grown by then.
  17. Philadelphia County wills, written 1724, proved 1726. Andreas did not trust Charles Yocum, Ann’s husband. Her share of the estate was to be kept by the executors and the interest paid to her yearly. If she survived Charles, then the money was to be paid directly to her, but if she died first, it was to be shared by her children. In fact she did outlive Charles; he died in 1741 and named her in his will.
  18. The original estate papers, including inventories, are held at Philadelphia City Hall.
  19. Craig, 2005. Her son Johan (with her first husband) married Brigitta Gästenberg, the widow of Derrick Johansson, who had been executed for murder in Bucks County.
  20. Philadelphia County wills, 1738, #73.
  21. Perkiomen Region, Vol. XII, 1934, p. 38, has the text of the deed. It appears that some of the land was sold to Bartram in April 1735, even before Gertra died. (Phila County deeds, H2, p. 252).
  22. The Historic American Landscapes Survey, on the NPS website at:
  23. If the baptism record of  1684 pertains to Andreas Souplis and his wife Anneke, then Bartholomew was named for her father. It is possible that either Andreas or Anneke had a mother named Elizabeth. In his Bible Peter Dirk Keyser wrote in 1714, “January 20, 1714 was born a girl named after my mother, grandmother, and grandmother-in-law.” Who was his grandmother-in-law? (Samuel Pennypacker, Pennypacker Family, mss, 1880)
  24. On February 11, 1744 Margaret and her husband Michael Eccard signed a release along with her Keyser siblings of three tracts in Germantown conveyed to her son Dirick. (Philadelphia County Deeds, H7, p. 24, on microfilm roll 23, image 572) She did not acknowledge the deed in September 1745 when the other heirs did.
  25. Hannah B. Roach, “Back part of Germantown: A reconstruction”, reprinted 2001, p. 4. Roach said that Margaret died in late 1744. Eccard died in 1763.
  26. E. Roberts, Biographical Annals of Montgomery County, 1904.
  27. Roberts claimed that he married twice, first to Ann Stackhouse, second to Deborah Thomas. He was supposed to have the son Hance with the first wife, and the other children with the second wife. Gene Stackhouse researched the supposed Ann Stackhouse, and was unable to find any evidence for her existence. (Original-13 mailing list, October 12, 2001). It seems prudent to assume that Andrew was only married once, to the wife Deborah named in his will.
  28. Findagrave.
  29. Philadelphia County wills, Book H, p. 403. The sons were to share his land (except for Hance who already had his portion) and the daughters received money.
  30. PA Marriages prior to 1810.
  31. Peter S. Craig, quoted on the Findagrave page for Elizabeth, buried at Old Swedes Cemetery, Bridgeport, Montgomery County.

Peter Dirck and Margaret Keyser

Peter Dirck Keyser was born in 1676 in Amsterdam and came to Pennsylvania with his father as a young boy.  He attended the evening school in Germantown. On Sept 4, 1700 he married Margaret Souplis, daughter of Andreas Souplis and his wife Anneke. Peter wrote in his Bible, “This is to certifiy that on the 4th of September, 1700, I married Margareth Sieplie, aged eighteen years. May the Lord grant us his blessing, and all which will be necessary for us in this world and in the world to come, and we will praise his holy name, now and forever. Amen.”1

Peter was a shoemaker. In 1705 he bought a three-acre tract in Germantown from Cornelis Clausen for £24 10s.2 In 1716 he bought 100 acres of land on the Skippack from John Roeloff van der Werfe in 1716, but he and Margaret and their family stayed in Germantown.  Peter was naturalized in 1709.3 (He had been too young for the 1691 naturalization.)

Peter died in 1724, at a relatively young age, leaving nine children, only two of whom were of age. He wrote his will in August 1724; it was proved in October of that year.4 He left to his “dear and loving wife Margaret” all his estate, unless she remarried, in which case she would get only one-third and the remaining two-thirds would be divided among the surviving children. He specified that if his son Peter “hath a mind to settle on the tract of land at Sippack”, he could have it, making yearly payments to Margaret in produce. Peter was the third son; the two oldest ones may have already had an inheritance portion.

In an interesting stipulation, Peter requested that his wife “shall take all possible care for my old mother-in-law Elizabeth, if she shall be helpless or want some assistance”. Peter’s mother Elizabeth and stepmother Johanna were both dead. Margaret’s mother Anneke was dead by then and her father had married a woman named Gertrude. This is one of the pieces of evidence that Peter’s father Dirck had entered a previously unknown marriage, with a woman named Elizabeth, after his arrival in Pennsylvania as a widower.

The executors were Margaret and her brother Andrew Souplis and Dirck, son of Peter and Margaret. In fact she did marry again, to Michael Eccard of Germantown, and outlived Peter by twenty years. The inventory of Peter’s estate shows that he was a farmer and shoemaker (or cordwainer). This trade was passed down to at least two of his sons. As Wolf put it, in her study of Germantown, “Some of the best established families in certain crafts did maintain themselves through, perhaps, one son. There is usually a … Keyser cordwainer to be found in the records. Yet, by the third generation there are also Keysers, for example, who are masons, house carpenters, yeomen, and just plain ‘laborers’.”5

The inventory included “Books and Book Dets, 10 pounds”, cash, clothes, furniture and kitchen ware , livestock, shoemaker’s and carpenter’s tools, farm implements, a plantation at Scheepack [Skippack], and one hundred acres of land in Germantown with a house on it.  The total came to £375, including £70 for the land in Skippack, £90 for his house and lot in Germantown, £110 for another 100 acres in Germantown.

Children of Peter and Margaret:6

Dirck, b. Sept 26, 1701, d. Jan 8, 1756, m. Alice Neus. Dirck was a cordwainer and tanner like his father. His estate included 370 hides, tanned and untanned, 17 dozen calf skins, and 19 dozen sheepskins.7 Children (named in his will): Alice, Hannah, Elizabeth, John, Peter, Dirck, Michael.8

Andrew, b. July 22, 1703, d. 1776, m. Hannah Lücken.9 He was a blacksmith. They lived in Germantown.10  Children: Jacob, Matthias, William, Mary.11

Peter Dirck, b. July 9, 1705, d. 1756, m. a woman named Susanna12. He was a tanner13. Children (named in his will): Peter, Andrew, Derick, Margaret, Hannah.14 In his will of 1756 he named his wife Susanna and five children.15

Jacob, b. July 1707, m. Margaret, he was a cordwainer. They lived in Germantown. Children: Jacob, Benjamin, Joseph, John.16 Jacob and Margaret were on a list of Mennonites 1770 to 1775.17 He apparently did not leave a will.

Johannes, b. June 25, 1709, d. 1711

Abraham, b. May 26, 1711, d. Dec 30, 1717

Elizabeth, b.  January 20, 1713/14,  d. 1796, m. 1733 Peter Pennepacker, son of Heinrich and Eve. According to Peter Dirck’s entry in the family Bible, she was named for his mother, grandmother, and grandmother-in-law.18 Peter was a miller and farmer; he and Elizabeth owned the property on the Skippack Creek now known as Pennypacker Mills. Children (named in his will): John, Henry, Jacob, William, Margaret, Catherine, Samuel, Elizabeth, Barbara.

Anneke, b. May 23, 1716, d. March 14, 1807, m. John Pennepacker, son of Heinrich and Eve. They lived in Providence township, where John was a miller. Children: Dirck, Henry, Margaret, Elizabeth, Jacob, Catherine, Hannah, Samuel.

Cateleynte, b. Oct 25, 1718, d. 1799, m. Ludovick Horning. They lived in Skippack township. Ludwig died in 1802, leaving a will naming his wife Catherine and eight children.19 Two of the sons, Peter and John, were Loyalists and moved to Ontario.20 Children (named in his will): Peter, Michael, Barbara, Elizabeth, Margaret, John, Elias, Jacob.

John, b. July 25, 1721, m. Barbara Funk; Children: John, Christian, Michael, Charles.21 He was a mason of Germantown.

Margaret, b. Oct 4, 1723, d. after 1744, m. Cornelius Conrads of Cresheim; he was a weaver.

  1. Samuel F. Hotchkin, Ancient and Modern Germantown, 1889.
  2. Philadelphia County Deeds, B3, p.  331.
  3. James Duffin, Acta Germanopolis, 2008.
  4. Philadelphia County wills, Book D, p. 405.
  5. Stephanie G. Wolf, Urban Village, p. 308.
  6. Keyser Family, p. 122. Dirck was named for the father’s father, Andries for the mother’s father, Elizabeth for the father’s mother, and Anneke for the mother’s mother. The children are named in the recital to  a 1763 deed when they signed releases on a tract of land granted to their brother Peter Dirck. In 1763 his son Derrick was conveying the land to Arnold Zimmerman. The occupations and places of residence are from a 1744 deed of release, Book H7, page 24 (Microfilm roll 23, Image 572.)
  7. Wolf.
  8. Cassell in his History of the Mennonites said that the son Peter became a Dunkard. The son John married Elizabeth Rinker, daughter of Jacob Rinker of Germantown in 1752.
  9. Hannah’s last name was from Acta Germanopolis. She died before Andrew, probably in 1762 (various online trees). He did not name her in his will.
  10. Charles S. Keyser, Keyser Family, 1889, p. 143.
  11. He left a will, Philadelphia County book Q, page 236.
  12. Ralph Johnson in his Families of Providence (and also in his Germantown Landmarks) claimed she was a Pennebaker, the daughter of Hendrick and Eve, but she is not to be found in the Pennebaker family. He apparently based this on Peter Dirck calling John Pennebacker his “brother-in-law” in his will. John was married to Anneke Keyser, Peter’s sister, so that is where the relation came from.
  13. The occupations for Jacob, Dirck, Andreas and Peter Dirck were from the Keyser Family, 1889.
  14. In a deed release in 1763 his wife’s name was given as Elizabeth. (Deed, H17, 381, roll 28, Image 319, with a recital of several earlier releases by heirs of Peter Keyser). Since his will of 1756 named her as Susanna, either he married twice or the deed recital was an error.
  15. Philadelphia County wills, Book K, page 466, written and proved 1756.
  16. Some say that his wife was Margaret Kunders, but there is no evidence for this.
  17. Iris Jones, Krefeld Immigrants and their Descendants, vol. 7, p. 69.
  18. Keyser Family, p. 147. Who did he mean by his grandmother-in-law? Does this mean that the mother of Andreas Souplis or his wife Anneke was named Elizabeth?
  19. Montgomery County wills, Book 2, p. 266.
  20. Horning Family History, online at the United Empire Loyalists site.
  21. Children from the Keyser Family.

Dirck and Elizabeth Keyser

Dirck Keyser was born in Amsterdam about 1635. He was the son of Dirck Gerritz Keyser and Cornelia van den Wyngaert. The father Dirck Gerritz was a morocco leather manufacturer, possibly a tanner or glover. Cornelia was the daughter of Tobias Govertz van den Wyngaert, a noted Flemish Mennonite who lived from 1587 to 1667. 1 Dirck had a sister and four brothers. All of them lived and died in Amsterdam: Anneken, Gerrit, Tobias, and another brother who was buried in 1655.2 It is possible that they were all Mennonites, given the strong tradition from their mother’s family.

Dirck, the oldest son, was a manufacturer of silk on the Printzen Graght.3 He first married in 1668, Elizabeth ter Himpel, daughter of Pieter ter Himpel Sr and Elizabeth van Singhel. The wedding intention said that they were married “in the church at Buicksloot, declared…the 22d day of November, 1668.”4 Pieter ter Himpel, was a woolen draper of Amsterdam; he died December 10, 1680. The mother Elizabeth van Singhel died in 1656; she had brothers Pieter Jr. and Aernaut.5

Dirck and Elizabeth had a daughter Elizabeth and two sons, Peter and Dirck. Elizabeth (the mother) died in May 1681, and the daughter Elizabeth died just a month later. Dirck married Johanna Harperts Snoeck in November 1682, again at Buiksloot, in the northern part of Amsterdam. The record said, “Dirk Keyser and Joanna Snoeck, upon their desire after three Sundays having been published at Amsterdam in all the churches, on the undersigned date in the church at Buiksloot, lawfully and in presence of the Lord’s congregation are married, declare I, the undersigned Secretary at Buiksloot, the 22d November, 1683.” It was signed by B. Vredenhuis, Secretary.6

Dirck and Johanna had a daughter Johanna together before the older Johanna died in 1686. As her funeral invitation said, “Johanna Harperts Snoeck, on Thursday, the 29th of August, 1686, was buried from his residence on the Printzen Graght in the Wester Kerk, in the thirty-eight year of her age.”7 Dirck left Amsterdam and traveled to New York in 1688, with his children Peter, Dirck Jr, and Johanna. From there they traveled overland to Philadelphia. Johanna died on the trip and was buried somewhere between New York and Philadelphia.8

Dirck settled in Germantown and bought land there. He had bought twenty-five acres from Cornelius Seivers (Soierts) in March 1688, before immigrating. He later bought another twenty-five acres in September 1689, from Dirck Sipman, through Sipman’s attorney Herman up de Graff.9 In 1693 Dirck was taxed in Germantown for 60 acres.10 He built a house on the main street in Germantown, at present-day 6205 Germantown Avenue. It is now gone but drawings show a two-story stone house, with a third gabled story and an addition behind.11 The initials D.K. were cut in a stone in front.12

As Charles Keyser said, “It seems to have been composed of two rooms front with a kitchen containing a bake-oven and smoke-house on the read end… on the first floor, with some sleeping-rooms above in the second story. The pent roof extending over the door and windows is still there… This house was a large one in its day, and appeared to be large enough for Dirck Keyser and his son Pieter, a boy of 12 years of age, and no doubt a housekeeper… A curious arrangement is that there are three cellars under the house without any communication with each other. With only one is there any direct communication to the upper floor, and this is by a set of solid stone steps going down from the entry … Alongside of this cellar the old well is found and is in most excellent order. It serves not only to give good water but to keep this part so cold that everything is preserved in summer without ice.”13

Dirck was a leader of the Germantown Mennonite congregation. A Dutch Reformed minister named Rudolph Varick travelled from Long Island to Germantown in 1690 and reported that “I then came to a Dutch village, near Philadelphia where, among others, I heard Jacob Telner, a Dutch Quaker, preach…The Lutherans, Mennonites and Papists, all of whom are much opposed to the Quakers, meet lovingly every Sunday, when a Mennonite, Dirck Keyser from Amsterdam, reads a sermon from a book by Joost Harmensen”.14 The Mennonite met in the house of Tunis Kunders until they built a log meeting house in 1708.15 The early congregation included the Keysers, William Rittenhouse and his wife, John Gorgas, the Kuster family, and the van Bebbers.16 Rittenhouse became the first official minister. 17 After Rittenhouse died suddenly in 1708, Dirck may have taken over the duties temporarily. In May 1710 he performed the marriage for Jacob Kolb and Sarah Van Sintern in the log meeting house.18

Dirck was active in the Germantown community. He served as a fence-viewer, was a witness in court, and subscribed to the school in Germantown.19 In 1691 he was an inspector of the roads, along with Peter Schumacher.20 He signed the petition against the tax bill in 1692. In 1691 he was naturalized as a citizen in 1691, along with his son Dirck Jr.21 A story has been passed down about Dirck and his neighbors. “He had been a silk merchant, and after he arrived here he wore a silk coat, which caused his neighbors some disgust. Some of the brethren calling to talk over his worldliness, found him in his garden. As he advanced to meet them he wiped his hands on his coat. They concluded on seeing this, that he did not value it unduly and so said nothing of the object of their visit.”22

In 1704 he was a witness, along with his son Dirck Jr, in a case of slander. The case was Abraham op den Graeff against David Sherkes for slander. (This was not the first time Abraham had been in trouble of this sort.) Sherkes said that no honest man would be in Abraham’s company. Dirck Keyser senior had put up bond for Sherkes. The witnesses were Dirck Keyser senior, Dirck Keyser junior, Arnold Van Vosen and Herman Dors. The jury found for the defendant (Sherkes). Abraham wanted to appeal, but when told that he must pay the charges of the court and give bond to prosecute, he did not.23 The same year, Dirck acted as fence viewer, and presented as insufficient the fences of Johannes Umstat and others. His son Peter was a viewer for his section, but was “removed”. Perhaps he resigned; some Mennonites refused to take an office that might pit them against their neighbors.24

Dirck married again, for the third time, to a woman named Elizabeth. There is no record of this marriage, but two pieces of evidence support it, both from probate records. When Dirck’s estate was probated on August 1, 1716, the bond was posted by Elizabeth Keyser of Germantown, widow, Peter Keyser of Germantown, cordwainer, and Ludowick Christian Sprogell of Philadelphia, dyer.25 Also, when the son Peter made his own will in 1724 he asked his wife Margaret to take care of his “old mother-in-law Elizabeth”. Peter’s mother Elizabeth was dead, as was Margaret’s mother Anneke. The only possibility is that he meant his stepmother, a previously unknown third marriage for his father Dirck. It is interesting that Dirck and his son Dirck Jr seem to have died in the same month, perhaps of some contagious disease.26 The inventory of the estate of Dirck Sr. was taken August 17, 1716 by Dirck Jansen and Anthony Klincken. It included his wearing apparel, beds and bedding, kitchen wares, spinning wheels, other furniture, low Dutch books, tobacco pipes, two cows and a heifer, two ewes and four lambs, fifty acres of land with a house and barn, for a total of £81.19.6. His wive Elizabeth survived him, and was still alive in 1724.

Dirck had five known children with his first two wives, only two of whom lived to marry: Dirck Jr and Peter Dirck. Peter Dirck had eleven children, but Dirck Jr was childless.

Children of Dirck and Elizabeth:

Dirck Jr, d. August 171627, naturalized in 1691, married a woman named Deborah. She is said to have been Deborah Op den Graeff, the widow of Herman Isaacs, but it is difficult to find proof of this.28 Dirck died without issue. His will, written in “Manahattwana”, Philadelphia County, named his wife Deborah and brother Peter.   Written in April 16, 1714, it was proved on  August 6, 1716.29 Manahattwana cannot be identified as a place; it may have been the name of his plantation or a small local settlement.  He was a cordwainer. His inventory included household goods, farm implements, tannery tools, twenty green hides, and “one mare in the woods if found”.30 It came to £57.

Elizabeth, b. 1673, d. June 1681, a month after the death of her mother Elizabeth and her aunt Anneken.

Peter Dirck, b. November 1676 in Amsterdam, d. September 1724 in Germantown, m. in 1700 Margaret Souplis, daughter of Andreas and Anneke. He was a shoemaker. Children: Dirck, Andries, Peter Dirck, Jacob, Abraham, Elizabeth, Anneke, Catelintje, Johannes, Margaret. Peter wrote his will a month before he died, left his “dear and loving wife” Margaret, all the estate, except one-third only if she remarried. Most of the children were under age. Margaret did remarry, to Michael Eccard. She died after February 1744, when she was named in a deed release.

Children of Dirck and Johanna:

Johanna, b. September 1683, d. September 1688 in New Jersey (between New York and Philadelphia)

Cornelia, b. April 1685, d. October 1686 in Amsterdam


  1. These European Keysers are all from Charles S. Keyser, The Keyser Family, 1889, compiled for the Bicentennial Reunion of the Keyser family in 1888. Although he amassed a lot of information, his account contained some errors, for example an incorrect date of death for Dirck the immigrant. The dates he gave are included here, but there is no independent verification of them, except where specifically noted. There was a Dirck Keiser in Kingston, NY around 1680, with wife Agniete Coens and several children, but he was apparently unrelated. He appears in many records of New Amsterdam. According to one account he was from Goteborg, Sweden, although the name is surely Dutch. Some of his descendents were apparently part of the family code-named as the “Jukeses” by sociologist Richard Dugdale. Although Dugdale claimed that they were dysfunctional “paupers, criminals, harlots, epileptics and mental defectives”, his work has been discredited. (NY Times, Feb. 8, 2003).
  2. Anneken died in June 1681, the same month as her sister-in-law Elizabeth and niece Elizabeth. Gerrit married Josinyntye van Gestel, daughter of Jan van Gestel. Tobias died in 1655. The funeral invitations are from the Keyser Family and from Samuel Hotchkin, Ancient and Modern Germantown, 1889. Hotchkin claimed that these invitations “printed in the Dutch language, in bold type, upon heavy paper, … are still resting under the heavy lids of the old family Bible.”
  3. Keyser Family.
  4. Quoted in Hotchkin, 1889. Some church records from Buiksloot are available on FamilySearch, but I cannot find this record there.
  5. Hotchkin. Assuming there was only one Aernaut te Himpel in Amsterdam at the time, about the right age, Aernaut was an artist, known for small landscapes (See a work of his at:
  6. Daniel Cassell quoted this in his History of the Mennonites, p. 342, citing the original record in the Keyser family Bible. The whereabouts of the Bible seem to be unknown. It was owned by Gideon Keyser of Germantown, and made available to Charles Keyser, Samuel Hotchkin, and Daniel Cassell, all of whom worked in the 1880s. The original record is online on as: Netherlands Noord-Holland Province, Church Records, 1523-1948 | Alle Gezindten | Buiksloot | Trouwen 1663-1684, 1690-1828, Image 165.
  7. Keyser Family.
  8. Hotchkin, p. 271.
  9. Recitals of later Philadelphia County Deeds, including Book H7, p. 24, quoted in Johnson & Bergey, Genealogical Landmarks of the Perkiomen Country. James Duffin, Acta Germanopolis, 2008, gives the tracts as 50 acres each. Sipman, a merchant of Krefeld, had bought a large tract of land in Pennsylania, with the requirement that he settle families on it.
  10. 1693 tax list of Philadelphia County, available online.
  11. Drawings were made, possibly in the 1930s, by the Department of the Interior, available at:
  12. Charles Jenkins, Guide to Historic Germantown, 1902. Charles Keyser suggested that the initials served as “a doorplate to designate the owner and resident.”
  13. Keyser Family, pp. 77-78.
  14. William Hull, William Penn and the Dutch Quaker Migration to Pennsylvania,  1935, p. 185.
  15. Hotchkin, 1889; also “Germantown Mennonite Church”, in GAMEO (Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online).
  16. Iris Jones, Krefeld Immigrants and their Descendants, vol. 7, p. 69.
  17. “Germantown Mennonite Church”, in GAMEO.
  18. Keyser Family, citing the family Bible of Jacob Kolp.
  19. Hull.
  20. Acta Germanopolis.
  21. The Keyser Family, p. 31. Thomas Lloyd as Deputy-Governor naturalized 64 of the German and Dutch settlers “for the better securing of their estates, real and personal”. The list included Pastorius, Peter and Dirck Keyser, Andreas Souplis, Gerhart and Wigard Levering. Also in Samuel Pennypacker, Settlement of Germantown, 1899.
  22. The Keyser Family, p. 32.
  23. Acta Germanopolis.
  24. Acta Germanopolis.
  25. Probate records of Philadelphia County, available on Ancestry under Pennsylvania Wills and Probate Records 1683-1993. Administrative Files 17-114, 1714-1718, Images 365-369. How did Charles Keyser miss this? He may have mistaken it for the probate of Dirck Jr, who died almost the same time (surely not a coincidence). However Dirck Jr did not live in Germantown, and he left a will and a wife Deborah and referred in his will to his brother Peter.
  26. The Keyser Family gives the date of death of Dirck Sr. as November 30, 1714. There is no evidence cited for this, and it is extremely improbable, given the dates in the administration papers. An inventory was customarily taken soon after death, sometimes just a few days later. It would not be taken a year and a half later, nor would the administrative bond be issued that late.
  27. Not in 1715, as the Keyser Family stated. His will was proved on August 6, 1716.
  28. Herman died in 1708 in Kent County, Delaware. His will named his wife Deborah and children. I have not yet seen Kent County Wills Book B1 for his will.
  29. Philadelphia County wills, Book D, p. 54. Note that in the will abstracts on USGenWeb, it is indexed and written as Teyser.
  30. Philadelphia County estate files, quoted in Johnson & Bergey, Genealogical Landmarks of the Perkiomen Region.

Johan Henrich and Anna Elizabeth Haas

Johan Henrich was born 1714 in Freinsheim, Germany, the son of Hieronymus and Christina. Although he was their only known child, he grew up with two older stepbrothers, Nicholas and Valentine, Christina’s sons from her first marriage to Alexander Krause.  Years later he may have named his first son after his stepbrother Valentine.

When Johan Henrich was not yet an adult, his family immigrated from the Palatinate to Pennsylvania, and settled in northern Montgomery County, where his father owned 250 acres in Limerick Township.

Henrich married a woman named Anna Elizabeth about 1739. Their first child, Johan Valentine, was born in 1740. They would go on to have seven known children, three of whom married into the Pannebecker family.

Johan Henrich was naturalized in 1740, along with his father. He was a member of the Trappe Lutheran Church, of which his father Hieronymus was an elder.

Henrich wrote his will in December 1750. It was written in German. His wife Anna Elizabeth was to have the entire real and personal estate, to maintain the children and to bring them up as Lutherans. If she remarried, then she was to have the estate only until the oldest child Johann Valentine was 21 (which would be around 1761). After that she would have only her thirds according to law. Johan Valentine was to have the land, 200 acres, making a payment for it, to be used for dower or shares for the others as they came of age. The Lutheran church at Trappe was to have a legacy of £3.1

He died in early 1750/51, and was buried at Trappe. The inventory was taken February 1751. It showed that he owned 200 acres of land. Since his father Hieronymus was taxed in 1734 for 250 acres, and owned 50 acres at the time his own will was written in 1760, the implication is that Hieronymus gave or sold 200 acres of his tract to his son. The account of Henrich’s estate, made by his executors John Schrack and Joseph Miller, mentions an agreement between Henrich and his father over a debt owed to the father, possibly payment for the land. The inventory included typical farm implements, livestock, and tools. The furniture and kitchenware seemed rather sparse: the family made do with three beds, a chest, a chair and table. The land was appraised at £400.0.0.

Henrich died young, leaving Anna with seven children under the age of ten, including a newborn. In 1757 the children of John “Haus” petitioned the Orphans Court for guardians for their affairs.2 Four of the children, Margaret, Mary, Analis, and Cronomus, were under 14 years, while Valentine, Henry and John  were old enough to choose their own guardians.

After Henrich died, Anna married Peter Puhl. She may have had a child Thomas with him.3 Years before, Henrick and Anna had been sponsors for the birth of Peter’s son Heinrich, and Peter’s wife Elizabeth was a sponsor for Heinrich and Anna’s daughter Anna Elizabeth.4 It is not known when Anna died.

Children of Johan Heinrich and Anna Elizabeth:5

Johan Valentine, b. Sept 6, 1740, m. ab. 1763, Catherine Pannebaker, dau. of Peter and Elizabeth.  Children: Henry, Valentine, Elizabeth Sarah Salome.6

Johan Heinrich, b. Nov 7, 1741, d. 1805, m. 1767 Elizabeth Pannebaker, dau. of Peter and Elizabeth, served in the Revolution,  died in Northumberland County in 1805. Children: Hannah and John Valentine.7

Johan George, b. Aug 6, 1743. He may have married a woman named Barbara and died in 1790.8

Elizabeth Margaretha, b. Apr 3, 1745, no further record

Anna Maria, known as Mary, b. Dec 25, 1746, d. 1800, m. 1767 William Pannebaker, son of Peter and Elizabeth, lived in Skippack, then in Pikeland, Chester County, had children Salome, Susanna, Jonas, Elizabeth, Jesse. Only Jonas, Elizabeth and Jesse lived to marry. Susanna was killed in an accident when she was five, at a time when the soldiers camped on the Perkiomen after the Battle of Germantown.

Anna Elizabeth, b. Oct 20, 1748, sounded like “Analis”, died before she was 21.9

Hieronymus, bapt Dec. 31, 1750, sounded like “Cronomus”, unmarried.10 The grandparents Hieronymus and Christina were sponsors.11

  1. Philadelphia County Wills, as John Henry Haas, File #236, book J.366.
  2. Philadelphia County Orphans Court Record, Roll 38, file T, page 62, microfilm at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
  3. Hannah B. Roach, Skippack Deaths, #362. Roach said that Peter Puhl and his wife Elizabeth lived in Limerick and were members of Trappe Lutheran Church. She said that after Elizabeth died, he married the widow Anna Elizabeth Haas. Peter died in 1762.
  4. Julius Friedrich Sachse, Augustus Evangelical Lutheran Congregation at Trappe, 2003, p. 20, 27.
  5. Orphans Court records and the will of Hieronymus Haas, who survived his son. All of the children’s birth and baptisms were recorded at Trappe Church (Sachse).
  6. The Mertz genealogy (at on 6G GF John Henry Haas (an especially well-sourced online tree), Findagrave for Sarah Salome.
  7. Mertz genealogy, page on 6G GF and 5G GF John Henry Haas (father and son with the same name).
  8. Bertha Neumueller, Haas Family, World Connect Tree on Ancestry, db=1596985.
  9. Mertz genealogy; Philadelphia OC records.
  10. Mertz genealogy; Philadelphia OC records.
  11. Sachse, p. 33.

Hieronymus and Christina Haas

Hieronymus Haas was born about 1680, probably near Freinsheim, Germany, in the Rhineland Palatinate.1 There is no birth record known for him, so his birthdate is estimated from the baptism of his only known child in 1714.

Hieronymus was probably the son of Johann Heinrich Haas.2 When Hieronymus and his wife Christina had a son Johann Henrich baptized in 1714 at the Freinsheim Lutheran Church, one of the sponsors was Johann Eberhardt Haas, possibly a brother of Hieronymus. When Johann Eberhardt married Anna Catharine Seidemann in 1719, the marriage record said that he was the son of Johann Henrich Haas.3 It would be traditional for a brother to sponsor the birth of a nephew, especially if the nephew were named for his grandfather, who was probably deceased by then.

Around 1713 Hieronymus married the widow Christina Krause. She was first married to Alexander Krause, of Laumersheim, a town just north of Freinsheim. Christina and Alexander were married on October 22, 1698, in the Reformed Church in Freinsheim.4 Christina and Alexander had four known children, born between 1700 and 1709: Anna Barbara, Valentin, Niclas, and Catherina. After he married Christina, Hieronymus became a stepfather and later a step-grandfather.5

Hieronymus and Christina had a son Johann Henrich baptized on July 15, 1714 at Freinsheim Lutheran Church. The sponsors were Johann Eberhardt Haas and Anna Margaretha ?Männgin.6  Since Johann Eberhardt was not yet married to Anna Catharina Seidemann, Anna Margaretha may have been another relative (or a family friend).

Sometime between 1714 and 1727, Hieronymus emigrated to Pennsylvania, with his wife Christina, her sons Niclas and Valentine Krause, and their son Johann Henrich. They may have come with other Krause children of Christina’s as well, but only Niclas and Valentine left definite records in Pennsylvania.7

Hieronymus bought land in Limerick Township, in northern Montgomery County. In 1734 he was taxed there for 250 acres, a middling land holding in the township, the same number as Oliff Penybacker and Peter Umsted.8 He was a Lutheran, and one of the founders of Trappe Evangelical Church. A stone in the wall of the church building named him as one of six elders who erected it.9 In 1740 Hieronymus and his son Henrich were both naturalized as citizens. Henrich died in 1751, before his father.

Christina died before 1758, when Hieronymus married the widow Margaret Krohn. She and her first husband Martin Krohn, had a son, Jacob Lawrence Krohn, born about 1737, and another son Jacob Henrich, born in 1745.10 By this marriage Hieronymus gained two young stepsons. In 1758 Jacob Lawrence was confirmed at Trappe Church as the stepson of Hieronymus. Four years before, Catherine Krause, age 18, the daughter of Nicholas Kraus and granddaughter of Hieronymus, was confirmed there, with a note that she reads fairly well. The same year Christian Krause, son of Nicholas, was also confirmed, age 20, with a note that he cannot read fluently.11

Heronimas Hans wrote his will on October 21, 1760. In it he named his wife Margaret and seven grandchildren, all the known children of his late son Johan Henrich. He did not name any Krause or Krohn stepchildren. Anna Margaret was to have 50 acres of land in Limerick, “where I now live on”, along with all the household goods and one-third of the rent from the estate of their son Henry deceased. After Margaret’s death the land was to be sold and the proceeds shared among the seven grandchildren. He left a bequest of 20 shillings to the church of Providence, Limerick Township.

After Hieronymus died, there was a caveat against the will filed on behalf of the heirs, and Henry Vanderslice had to testify about the signing of the will. Vanderslice testified that Hieronymus said what he wanted, then Vanderslice read it to him and he approved it. He got out of bed to sign it, helped by his wife and a friend. When Vanderslice asked whether he knew what he was doing, Hieronymus said that “he thought he was of sound mind” and noticed that there was no ink in the pen, then signed it. Based on the testimony, the caveat was denied and the will was proved on April 10, 1761.12

The inventory was taken on December 21, 1760. It included the usual goods of a farmer of the time: his livestock, farming implements, kitchen goods, furniture, pork, apples, wheat and rye, and furniture,  plus bonds and book accounts for £44.5.0. The 50-acre plantation was assessed at £150.0.0.

A church record in 1777 said that “the old Mrs. Haas” was buried, age 75 years. This would have been Margaret.13

Child of Hieronymus and Christina:

Johann Henrich, bapt. 1714 at Freinsheim Lutheran Church, died 1751 in upper Montgomery County, married Anna Elizabeth, had seven children.

Children of Christina and Alexander Krauss: (surname Krauss)(step-children of Hieronymus)

Anna Barbara, bapt Jan. 1700

Valentin, bapt Nov. 1701, immigrated, a member of Trappe Church

Niclas, bapt April 1705, married and had known children Catherine and Christian

Catherina, bapt Jan. 1709

  1. Bertha Neumueller, Haas Family tree on Ancestry, suggested that he was born in Aichalden, Wurttemberg, but does not give any evidence. Aichalden is so far north of Freinsheim that this seems unlikely. Her research was better documented than many web trees, but was incomplete. (World Connect Tree on Ancestry, db=1596985)
  2. Some web trees give his parents as Martin Haas and Christine Ruoff, with no evidence. This seems very unlikely.
  3. The record was in Evangelische Kirche Freinsheim – Heiraten, Volume: Kirchenbuch 2, quoted on the website of Helen Erika Bachmann at According to Bachman, Johann Eberhard was born about 1686 in Wieseck, Hessen-Darmstadt, the son of Johann Heinriech Haas. He married Anna Catharina Seidmann in 1719 in Freinsheim, had five known children with her (Johanna Jacob, Johann Georg, Johann Mattheus, Paulina, Anna Paulina), and died in 1770. There is an entry for Johann Eberhard Haas in the Bergischer Datenpool, at, the online database of the Bergische Family Association.
  4. Annette Burgert, records of the Freinsheim Reformed KB, part of her series of German church records. The record gave his name as Alexander Kraus of Lamersheim and did not give Christina’s last name. Their children were: Anna Barbara, bp Jan 10, 1700; Valentin, b. Nov 26, 1701, bp Nov 30, 1701; Niclas, bp 13 April 1705; Catherina, bp 28 Jan, 1709. Velten Shaffner or Shoffner was a sponsor for two of the children.
  5. A Catherine Kraussin sponsored the baptism of a child in 1757 at Trappe Church; was this an unmarried daughter of Christina and Alexander? (Pennsylvania German Church Records, vol. 1)
  6. Annette Burgert, German Church Records, the records of Freinsheim Lutheran KB. The question mark on the name is from Burgert.
  7. The 1727 cutoff date comes from Burgert, who described Haas as “pre-list”, one who immigrated before 1727 when passenger lists were kept at Philadelphia. Niclas left records through his children Christian and Catherine. Valentine was an early member of Trappe Church. See footnote 5 for a possible record of Catherine.
  8. 1734 tax list of Philadelphia County.
  9. The Old Trappe Church 1743-1893, edited by E. T. Kretschmann, p. 11.
  10. The baptism of Jacob Henrich was from the Records of New Hanover Evangelical Lutheran Church, in PA & NJ Church and Town Records, on Ancestry. Note that New Hanover Township adjoined Limerick Township in Montgomery County.
  11. Annette Burgert, citing records of Trappe Church.
  12. Philadelphia County wills, book M, p. 86. His name appears in some abstracts as Hause or Hans.
  13. Meldrum, Marriages and Deaths of Montgomery County 1685-1800.  It could not have been the wife of Johan Henrich, from the age given.

Andreas and Johanna Guisbert

Andreas Guisbert immigrated to Pennsylvania before 1727, when he bought land there.1 The first definite record is when he bought 150 acres in 1727 in New Hanover from Jacob Fisher, as Andres Guisbert.2 His name sounds Dutch, with Guisbert as a patronymic. It appears in various records as Guisbert, Gisbert, Kusbary, Gisbus, and Gilbert.

He was taxed in 1734 in Hanover as Andreas Gisbus, with 100 acres.3 In early 1742, Andreas’ land adjoined that of Elias Affe and Mathew Hollebaugh (Hollenbach).4 In 1746 he sold 150 acres to Hollenbach.5 When Andrew died, he owned 100 acres in nearby Limerick.6

His wife was named Johanna or Hannah. She is sometimes said to be a Dotterer, but she is not in the Dotterer Family Genealogy.7 They were probably married about 1730 to 1735, and went on to have six known children. Andrew was naturalized in 1739, along with many other foreign-born men of Philadelphia County.8 He died in early 1757 in Limerick Township. He did not leave a will. Letters of administration were granted on January 24 to his widow Johanna. The sureties on the bond were Bernd and Philip Dodderer.9

The inventory of his state was taken on February 11, 1757 by John Koplin and Peter Panebecker. It included the usual clothing (“waren and baren”), household furniture, kitchenware, farm implements, lifestock. It included “a man 29 years of age”. Was this a slave or more likely an indentured servant? The plantation of 100 acres was valued at £200.20.0. The next largest items were debts due from Andrew Pall and Rineer Vanderslice. The total of over £366 and the long list of goods suggests some prosperity.10 After Johanna paid his debts, there was £147 to be shared by the heirs, plus the plantation.

On Sept. 1759 Hannah Guisbert came into the Philadelphia County Orphans Court to request that her account be settled, that his land in Limerick Township be valued for sale, and that guardians be appointed for the three youngest children. 11 Two of the daughters were married by then, Johanna and Paittin. The only son, Guisbert, wanted to buy the plantation. The court agreed to this on condition that he pay the shares of his mother and sisters.12 It is not known when Johanna died.

Children of Andreas and Johanna:13

Johanna, b. ab. 1735, married by 1756 Philip Dodderer (b. ab. 1729, d. 1790), buried at the Dodderer Burying Ground, Columbia County, Pennsylvania. Children: Johanna, Elizabeth, Abraham, Susanna, Catherine, Philip, Anna, Sarah, Mary, Magdalen.14 When Johanna (the first child) was baptized in 1756 at Falckner Swamp Reformed, the grandmother Johanna Gisbertin was the sponsor.15 When Abraham was baptized in 1760 at Germantown Reformed Church, the sponsors were Abraham Paul and Beeltje his wife. Beeltje (or Paittin) was Johanna’s sister.16

Guisbert, of age in 1759, wanted to buy the plantation after his father’s death. No further definite records.17

Paittin, b. ab. 1740, d. 1827, married by 1759, Abraham Paul (d. 1816), buried Market Square Presbyterian in Germantown, had children  Andrew, Susanna, Mary, Joseph, Abraham, Benjamin, Elizabeth, Hannah.18

Catharine, a minor in 1759, married David Paul of Limerick, she died 1822. Children: John, Elizabeth, David, William, Susannah, Hannah, Samuel, Daniel, and Henry.19 There was a David Paul in the 1786 tax list of Montgomery County.20

Susanna, a minor in 1759

Hannah, under 14 in 1759, confirmed in 1766 at Falckner Swamp Reformed Church, married in 1768 Samuel Pennebacker at Evangelical Lutheran Church at Trappe21. She died in 1837 and was buried at Lower Skippack Mennonite Cemetery.22 The house of Samuel and Hannah, inherited from his father Peter, was the center of activity for Washington’s army before and after the Battle of Germantown. Some relics and stories are preserved at the house, now called Pennypacker Mill.


  1. He is sometimes said to have immigrated about 1739, based on a naturalization record in Lancaster County. This seems impossible.
  2. Henry S. Dodderer, Dodderer Family, 1903.  I have been unable to find this deed in the Phila County deed indexes of grantors and grantees. Presumably the earlier transaction is known only through the recital in the later one (1746).
  3. Philadelphia County tax list for 1734.
  4. Elias Affe sold a tract to John Benner in January 1741/42. Hollebaugh and Andrew “Kusbary” were named as adjoiners. (Phila County Deed Book D6, p. 193, Roll 39, Image 283)
  5. Dodderer Family. Hollenbach was born in 1718, died in 1778, buried at New Hanover Lutheran Church. I cannot find a record of this deed.
  6. I cannot find a record of his buying this tract.
  7. This could be a confusion with her daughter Johanna, who did marry a Dotterer. There are parallels between the Guisbert and Dodderer families, for example the lack of church records for the birth of the children of the Guisberts and George Philip Dodderer and his wife Veronica. George Philip Dodderer was a generation older than Guisbert. However, the names in his family are firmly German, while the Guisberts sound more Dutch.
  8. Henry F. Eshleman, Historic background and annals of German and Swiss Pioneers…,  1917, p. 269. Eshleman suggests that many of the men were Mennonites. They were naturalized in response to a petition to the Assembly; the Proprietors were attempting to deal with squatters and others in arrears on their payments.
  9. Dodderer Family. The presence of Berndt and Philip may be the source of the idea that Johanna was a Dodderer. She might have been, but there is no evidence other than this.
  10. Johanna reported in her estate account in January 1758 that the goods sold at vendue for £24 more than appraised, giving her assets of £396.
  11. Philadelphia County OC Records, microfilm at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
  12. Philadelphia County OC Records, microfilm at HSP. The sheriff took the usual twelve men to view the land; they valued it at £160, over and above the widow’s share of £30.
  13. Orphans Court records, church records.
  14. Dodderer Family, pp. 99-103.
  15. Dodderer Family
  16. Dodderer Family. Her name is given in different forms that appear to refer to the same person.
  17. There was a Guisbert Guisbertson who died in Monmouth County, New Jersey, in 1766, leaving children and at least one grandchild. From the dates, it is impossible for this to be the same Guisbert.
  18. Burial records of Germantown Reformed Church (on Ancestry) give his death record. In 1767 their son Joseph was baptised at Falckner Swamp Reformed (records on Ancestry).
  19. Hannah B. Roach, “Skippack Deaths”, in Bulletin of the Montgomery County Historical Society, 1953, 8(4)
  20. Tax records on Ancestry. David Paul was confirmed at Falckner Swamp Church in 1766.
  21. Pa. German Church Records, Vol. 1, p. 460.
  22. Roach, “Skippack Deaths”.